Negotiations over Water
Syrian Fort - Overlook & Geopolitics
At this abandoned Syrian Fort along the southern slopes of the Golan Heights, we will learn about political geography, borders, and water security. At this panoramic lookout point, we will learn about: water disputes between Israel and Syria, the Johnston Plan (the simulation done in class), the dispute over the water rights of the Sea of Galilee (the Kinneret), the importance of the Yarmouk River in relations between Israel and Jordan including the peace treaty in 1994, and water realities in the community of Hama, Jordan- just across the way.
The dam was built in the 1930s in order to divert water to the electric power plant in Naharayim and then after 1948 to divert the Jordan River for developmental purposes. Water diversion is the main reason for the poor quality of the Jordan River and the depletion of the Dead Sea.
Lower Jordan - Yardenit to the Alumot Dam
This short walk takes us from the clear, good water of the lower Jordan River to the Alumot Dam. This part of the river was constructed for tourism (the Yardenit Baptism Site and Rob Roy Kayaks). At the Alumot Dam, the water quality changes-the river receives all the effluents from the Bitanyia Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) and from the Salty Water Carrier. We will present EcoPeace’s plan to rehabilitate the Jordan River and what can be done to improve the situation.
The Dan Simchi Pumping Station
This pumping station brings the water from the Sea of Galilee to the King Abdullah Canal in Jordan. Here we will present the story of the Peace Treaty between Israel and Jordan and how water diplomacy works.
Peace Island – Naharayim
The story of the "Peace Island" and the electric power plant. An example of how diplomacy worked and the current state of diplomacy there.